The only thing worse than a toxic relationship is a toxic beauty routine.

Dangerous chemicals in your cosmetics can deprave your skin and even cause cancer!

Chemicals from Foundations

Sodium Benzoate

Look for sodium benzoate at the end of the ingredients list of skincare, toothpaste and mouth wash. Sodium benzoate is another very common cosmetic, food and supplement preservative used to protect acidic environments from spoiling. When mixed with vitamin C and ascorbic acid, sodium benzoate (as well as potassium benzoate) forms benzene, a known carcinogen. If you have vitamin C in your food or already in your body and you use a product with benzoate, you have made a carcinogen. Alas, where you will not see sodium benzoate listed on the label is when it is a secondary ingredient of a raw material. For example, “organic Calendula Officinalis Extract” (listed on the label) is sold as a cosmetic raw material with the addition of glycerin and preserved with potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate. (I choose to infuse our herbs directly into jojoba, or I use the supercritical extract which is very rare practice in the industry.) Sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate can be found in many ingredients that are “extracts”, like green tea extract, wheat protein extract, edelweiss extract and so on.

Homosalate

This chemical is found in sunscreens, and plenty of makeup contains sunscreens these days! In particular, liquid and powder foundations with SPF are now more popular than every before. While sun protection is really important (sunscreen should block UVA and UVB rays), it’s vital to understand that Homosalate in sunscreen and other products may negatively impact the function of hormones. Also, it may make it simpler for your body to absorb pesticides, which are toxic. When checking product labels, search for Homomenthyl Salicylate, 3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexyl-salicylate, HMS or Homosalate.

Polyethylene / PEGs

PEG, which is the abbreviation of polyethylene glycol, is not a definitive chemical entity in itself, but rather a mixture of compounds, of polymers that have been bonded together. Suzuki Foundation: “Depending on manufacturing processes, PEGs may be contaminated with measurable amounts of ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane. The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies ethylene oxide as a known human carcinogen and 1,4-dioxane as a possible human carcinogen” Polyethylene is the most common form of plastic, and when combined with glycol, it becomes a thick and sticky liquid.

As you may have noticed, PEGs are almost always followed by a number after their name, such as PEG 100. This number represents the approximate molecular weight of that compound. Typically, cosmetics use PEGs with smaller molecular weights. The lower the molecular weight, the easier it is for the compound to penetrate the skin but sensitizing effects have been reported in persons with dermatitis or eczema.

According to a report in the International Journal of Toxicology by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) committee, impurities found in various PEG compounds include ethylene oxide; 1,4-dioxane; polycyclic aromatic compounds; and heavy metals such as lead, iron, cobalt, nickel, cadmium, and arsenic. Many of these impurities are linked to cancer.

PEG (polyethylene glycol) may be contaminated with 1’4dioxane along with other toxic impurities (ethylene oxide, PAHs & heavy metals) A potentially carcinogenic petroleum derivative, it penetrates the skin and can weaken the skin’s natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Would you choose to wash your face with the same product used to degrease ovens? Me neither. Polyethylene Glycol has many different uses in cosmetics…and in oven cleaners. As a degreaser, it strips the skin of its natural protective oils leaving the body susceptible to invaders. PEG is commonly contaminated with a known carcinogen called 1,4-dioxane. Some studies have linked it to leukemia and uterine, breast and brain cancers. It is very easy and inexpensive to remove 1,4-dioxane from PEG though most cosmetic manufacturers choose to leave the contaminates in to save money. PEG also contains high amounts of heavy metals, and metal contamination is known to cause neurological, autoimmune and kidney issues. Used in cosmetics as thickeners, solvents, softeners, and moisture-carriers. Depending on manufacturing processes, PEGs may be contaminated with measurable amounts of ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane, which are both carcinogens. It’s purpose is to dissolve oil and grease. PEG’s can strip the natural oils of the skin leaving the immune system vulnerable. They are also potentially carcinogenic. A by-product of manufacturing that is a probable human carcinogen (a known animal carcinogen) as well as toxic to organs and the respiratory system, and a skin irritant. Likely to be present where ethoxylated ingredients like sodium laureth sulfate, PEGs, and ceteareth are listed on ingredient labels.
CYCLOMETHICONE AND DIMETHICONE

Found in: skin care, foundation, tinted moisturizer Ingredients Cyclomethicone or those ending in -siloxane are known endocrine disrupters which can harm reproductive and immune systems. They have the potential to bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms. Dimethicone contains residual amounts of -siloxane toxic ingredients.

Paraben Preservatives

Any ingredient containing ethyl, methyl, butyl, propyl are Paraben preservatives, often used as inhibitors to microbial growth and to extent shelf life, widely used even though they are known to be toxic. Have caused many allergic reactions and skin rashes.

SYNTHETIC DYES

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LAUROYL LYSINE

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Butylparaben, Ethylparaben, and Propylparaben

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Titanium Dioxide

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PEG Compounds

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Isopropyl myristate

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Chemicals from Mascara

PETROLEUM/PARAFFIN/MINERAL OIL

Found in: baby oil, lip balm, lip stick, lip gloss, mascara, moisturizers, concealer, foundation, face powder, hair gel, body wash, eye shadow, paraffin treatments, petroleum jelly, and hair conditioner A petrochemical pollutant derived from crude oil, found in an overwhelming number of products. It seals off the skin creating a barrier which feels slick, but doesn’t allow the skin to breath, which is essential for the proper functioning of this organ. Ultimately causes slowing down skin’s function and normal cell development, resulting in premature aging and many other health and skin disorders such as contact dermatitis.

Paraben

Paraben is a common preservative and one of the chemicals foremost responsible for disrupting the endocrine system and unbalancing crucial hormones. In its defense, someone may say, “Well, it is only .001% of the product.” True, this is a small amount… kind of like mercury. Mercury is not used in big amounts either and as a labeled bio-hazard, mercury devastates the cells. Paraben cannot yet be said to cause breast cancer, but its estrogenic activity may be a contributing factor. A 2004 study found paraben in over 90% of human breast cancer tumors. That is sufficient reason for me to avoid this chemical at all costs and to protect my family from it. On labels, paraben is often listed with the prefixes ethyl-, methyl-, propyl-, isopropyl-, butyl- or isobutyl.

Carbon Black

Carbon black is a dark black powder used as a pigment in cosmetics such as eyeliner, mascara and lipstick.. Carbon black is a dark black powder used as a pigment in cosmetics such as eyeliner, mascara and lipstick.[1] It is produced by incomplete combustion of carbon-based products such as coal tar,[2] and has been linked to increased incidence of cancer and negative effects on organs.[3] ([1] Federal Register Final Rule- 69 FR 44927 July 28, 2001: Listing of Color Additives Subject to Certification; D & C Black No.2. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Available online. July 14, 2014. [2] International Carbon Black Association. Available online. July 14, 2014. [3] Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Carbon Black. Available online. July 14, 2014.) HEALTH CONCERNS: Cancer (possible), Organ system toxicityMORE... Cancer: California EPA’s Proposition 65 list identifies carbon black (airborne, unbound particles of respirable size) as a carcinogen. [13] The International Agency for research on cancer classifies carbon black as a possible human carcinogen. [14] Experimental studies in female rats found increased incidence of lung tumors in rats that inhaled carbon black. [15] NIOSH raises concerns about lymphatic cancer among workers exposed to carbon black, largely due to the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in carbon black. [16] Furthermore, carbon black containing PAHs may lead to skin cancer. [17] Long-term exposure to carbon black can lead pulmonary inflammation, fibrosis and lung tumors in rats. [18] ([13] Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity. Available online. July 11, 2014. [14] IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Carbon Black evaluation and rationale. vol. 93, pp 190-1. [15] IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Carbon Black evaluation and rationale. vol. 93, pp 190-1. [16] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online. July 14th. [17] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Occupational safety and health guideline for carbon black potential human carcinogen. Available online. July 16, 2014. [18] Ramanakumar A., et al. Risk of lung cancer following exposure to carbon black, titanium dioxide and talc: Results from two case-control studies in Montreal. Int. J. Cancer, vol. 122, pp 183-189, 2008.)

Aluminum Powder

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Synthetic Dyes

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Coal Tar Dyes

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Retinyl Acetate (Vitamin A Acetate)

Vitamin A (CAS n. 68-26-8 / 11103-57-4/ 116-31-4) constitutes a group of lipid-soluble compounds including retinol, retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate, retinyl linoleate and retinal. Vitamin A is a lipophilic-soluble Vitamin and as such a micronutrient essential for most of mammalian species. The risk characterisation for general use of Vitamin A for all age groups is based on the tolerable upper intake levels (UL) derived from earlier opinions from the Scientific Committee of Food (SCF) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). In 2002, the SCF considered that the upper level of 3000 μg RE (retinol equivalents) /day is appropriate for all women of child-bearing age but also for men and for infants and children after correction for differences in metabolic rate. In 2008, EFSA considered that a maximum intake of 1500 μg RE/day would serve as a guidance level (GL) for individuals at greater risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture (particularly post-menopausal women). In January 2012, the Commission received some documents from German authorities requesting a safety assessment of Vitamin A in cosmetics products (BfR, 2012). According to the Member State, the use of retinol and its esters in cosmetics should be restricted in view of increasing number of products containing Vitamin A, increasing concentrations and/or greater penetration (e.g. as a result of packaging in liposomes) and the fact that the UL is already exceeded by some parts of the population. In February 2012, a safety dossier was submitted by Cosmetics Europe to support the continuous use of Vitamin A in cosmetic product. It relates to the use of retinol, retinyl palmitate and retinyl acetate as cosmetic ingredients at maximum use concentrations of 0.05% RE in body lotions, 0.3% RE in hand and face creams as well as in other leave-on or rinse-off products. In July 2013, The Commission received the Norwegian risk assessment of the use of Vitamin A (retinol and retinyl esters) in cosmetic products. The Commission asked the opinion of the European Medicine Agency (EMA) to exclude the possibility that, at maximum use concentrations of 0.05% RE in body lotions, 0.3% RE in hand and face creams as well as in other leave-on or rinse-off products, Vitamin A could be considered a medicinal product instead of a cosmetic product. EMA replied that "locally applied products containing Vitamin A at the maximum concentrations of 0.05% (retinol equivalents) in body lotions, 0.3% (retinol equivalents) in hand and face creams as well as in other leave-on or rinse-off products, are not considered to be medicinal products by virtue of their function. (EU publications, Opinion on Vitamin A - Retinol, Retinyl Acetate, Retinyl Palmitate, Published: 2017-03-01)

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a colorless, strong-smelling gas used in making building materials and many household products. It is used in pressed-wood products, such as particleboard, plywood, and fiberboard; glues and adhesives; permanent-press fabrics; paper product coatings; and certain insulation materials. It is also used to make other chemicals. The main way people are exposed to formaldehyde is by inhaling it. The liquid form can be absorbed through the skin. People can also be exposed to small amounts by eating foods or drinking liquids containing formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is also a component of tobacco smoke and both smokers and those breathing secondhand smoke are exposed to higher levels of formaldehyde. One study found much higher levels of formaldehyde bound to DNA in the white blood cells of smokers compared to non-smokers. Professional keratin hair smoothing treatments can contain formaldehyde or formaldehyde releasing chemicals. Using these can raise indoor air concentrations of formaldehyde to levels that could be a potential hazard. Formaldehyde and other chemicals that release formaldehyde are sometimes used in low concentrations in cosmetics and other personal care products like lotions, shampoo, conditioner, shower gel, and some fingernail polishes. These may raise the concentration of formaldehyde in the air inside the room for a short time, but the levels reached are far below what is considered to be hazardous. Exposure to formaldehyde has been shown to cause cancer in laboratory test animals. Exposure to relatively high amounts of formaldehyde in medical and occupational settings has been linked to some types of cancer in humans, but the effect of exposure to small amounts is less clear. In rats, inhaled formaldehyde was linked to cancers of the nasal cavity and leukemia. In one study of rats given drinking water containing formaldehyde there was an increase in stomach tumors, while another showed no increase in any kind of tumor or cancer. In mice, applying a 10% solution of formaldehyde to the skin was linked to quicker development of cancers caused by another chemical. In one study, inhaling formaldehyde at levels at a concentration of 1.9 parts per million (ppm) for 40 minutes did not increase blood levels of formaldehyde. Several epidemiology studies of people exposed to formaldehyde in the workplace have reported a link between formaldehyde exposure and cancer of the nasopharynx (the uppermost part of the throat), but this outcome has not been observed in other studies. These studies looked at workers in occupational setting that use or make formaldehyde and formaldehyde resins, as well as at people who work as embalmers. Studies of people exposed to formaldehyde in the workplace have also found a possible link to cancer of the nasal sinuses. Several studies have found that embalmers and medical professionals that use formaldehyde have an increased risk of leukemia, particularly myeloid leukemia. Some studies of industrial workers exposed to formaldehyde have also found increased risks of leukemia, but not all studies have shown an increased risk. Studies looking at the link between workplace exposure to formaldehyde and other types of cancer have not found a consistent link. One study found that workers exposed to formaldehyde had higher than normal levels of chromosome changes in early white blood cells in their bone marrow. This finding supports the possible link between formaldehyde exposure and leukemia.

Imidazolidinyl Urea

Imidazolidinyl Urea is an odorless white powder. In cosmetics and personal care products, Imidazolidinyl Urea can be found in many product types including lotions, creams, hair conditioners, shampoos and deodorants. Imidazolidinyl Urea is one of the most frequently used preservatives in cosmetics and personal care products. It acts synergistically with other preservatives resulting in a system that gives a wider range of protection against microorganisms. It is a formaldehyde releaser and one of the most widely used preservatives in the world, according to the National Cancer Institute. Although the mention of formaldehyde scares many consumers away from IMIDAZOLIDINYL Urea, it is considered a safe preservative. Although preservatives are the second most common cause of contact dermatitis, 1.9% of patients with contact dermatitis had a reaction to IMIDAZOLIDINYL in a 1999 study and 3.2% in a 2001 study (National Institutes of Health). There are no scientific studies that show that IMIDAZOLIDINYL Urea is toxic or carcinogenic, although some respected doctors still recommend avoiding it only because of its synthetic properties.

Phenylmercuric acetate

This chemical is used as a fungicide, herbicide and algicide. It is found in antibiotic eye drops, eye cosmetics, shampoos and paints. Further research may identify additional product or industrial usages of this chemical. Phenylmercuric acetate is a phenyl mercury compound used mainly as a fungicide. Has also been used as a herbicide, slimicide, and bacteriocide. Small lustrous prisms. Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. May severely irritate skin and eyes. Used as an herbicide and fungicide. as such, is mixed with organic solvent for the purpose of application. PMA can cause Contact Urticaria Syndrome (CUS). Contact urticaria refers to a wheal-and-flare response occurring on the application of chemicals to intact skin. A wheal-and-flare response is a skin eruption that may follow injury or injection of an antigen. It is characterized by swelling and redness caused by a release of histamine. The reaction usually occurs in three stages, beginning with the appearance of an erythematous area at the site of injury, followed by development of a flare surrounding the site; finally a wheal forms at the site as fluid leaks under the skin from surrounding capillaries.[7] CUS has been categorized as an immediate hypersensitivity reaction with IgE (a type of anti-body) playing a crucial role in its pathogenesis.[8] Investigations dealing with CUS seem to suggest that a percentage of urticarias encompass a contact mechanism.[8] (Wikipedia). The mascara can be contaminated by bacteria. It also contains polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), a carcinogen. Phenylmercuric acetate , a preservative derived from benzene and mercury, is also frequently added to the composition of mascaras and can cause allergies and skin irritations. Yet another product containing relatively high concentrations of parabens (see above for toxicity) ! Pentaerythrityl is an additive resin made from formaldehyde (see above about the dangers of formaldehyde). Some mascaras also contain quaternium-22, a preservative that can cause contact allergies, and sodium polystyrene sulfonate, an irritant nonylphenol with an estrogenic action.


Chemicals from Shampoo

Cocamide DEA

Suzuki Foundation: “DEA and its compounds cause mild to moderate skin and eye irritation. In laboratory experiments, exposure to high doses of these chemicals has been shown to cause liver cancers and precancerous changes in skin and thyroid. The European Union classifies DEA as harmful on the basis of danger of serious damage to health from prolonged exposure. DEA compounds can also react with nitrites in cosmetics to form nitrosamines, which the International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies as a possible human carcinogen. Nitrites are sometimes added to products as anti-corrosive agents or can be present as contaminants. The degradation of some chemicals used as preservatives in cosmetics can release nitrites when the product is exposed to air.” Some hair dyes contain a synthetic solvent called diethanolamine or DEA. DEA can cause dermatitis and form carcinogens such as nitrosamines. This is a dangerous substance which is toxic to the liver, kidneys and pancreas. Formaldehyde (formalin), sometimes found in synthetic hair dye, is carcinogenic by inhalation. Some hair dyes also contain lead, a heavily carcinogenic metal.

Parabens

Found in: almost every type of personal care product. Parabens preservatives commonly used to prevent the growth of bacteria and mold. They can mimic the hormone estrogen disrupting the endocrine system, which is known to play a role in the development of breast cancers. Parabens can cause skin irritation and contact dermatitis and Rosacea in individuals with paraben allergies. Studies indicate that methylparaben applied on the skin reacts with UVB leading to increased skin aging and DNA damage. These chemicals are also endocrine disruptors and have been linked to fertility problems.

Alkylphenol Ethoxylate

The alkylphenol ethoxylates are non-ionic surfactants in wide use as wetting agents, emulsifiers, and dispersants in paints and coating, residential and commercial cleaning products, in pesticide formulations, and in textile and paper processing. Of the alkylphenol ethoxylates used in commerce, nonylphenol ethoxylate is the most common. Nonylphenol is classified as very toxic to aquatic organisms and can cause long-term adverse effects in the environment, here you can search in the classification list. Here you can search in the Classification list. The oestrogenic effects of alkylphenol ethoxylateshave also got implications for human health. In the UK, 30% of drinking water is abstracted from lowland rivers,many of which will have received sewage treatment effluent(Sumpter and Jobling, 1993). Levels of nonylphenoliccompounds in drinking water in the US have already beenfound to reach almost1 µg l-1,but no research has beendone on the quantity absorbed and accumulated by thosedrinking this water.The insecticide chlordecone (Kepone) shows similarbehaviour to alkylphenols, accumulating in liver and adiposetissue, and eliciting oestrogenic activity (Soto ,1991). Workers exposed to this insecticide can sufferreproductive effects such as low sperm counts and sterility.In addition, the oestrogenic effects of chlordecone onMCF7 cells occur at similar concentrations to those ofalkylphenols, suggesting that alkylphenols will be a similarhealth hazard if target cells are exposed to µM levels ofthese compounds (Soto , 1991).Concern about the possible effects of oestrogens onhumans has been increasing recently, as a large number ofsynthetic chemicals and chemicals from plants have beenfound to be oestrogenic (Stone, 1994). There appears tohave been a drop in the human sperm count in industrialisedcountries over the last 50 years, though this data issubject to many uncertainties. There has also been a two tofour-fold increase in testicular cancer in industrialisedcountries in the last 50 years. As this cancer affects mainlyyoung men, this increase is not due to ageing populations.One piece of evidence connecting this increase in testicularcancer with oestrogens is the discovery that the maleoffspring of pregnant mice exposed to high levels ofoestradiol have an increased rate of testicular cancer (Stone,1994). It has been suggested that there may be some connection between sperm abnormalities in London andthe water supply (Ginsburg , 1994).

Cocomidopropyl Betaine

Cocoamidopropyl Betaine, foaming agent, natural oil is synthesized with ammonia and a toxic herbicide.

DEA, MEA AND TEA (DIETHANOLAMINE, COCAMIDE AND TRIETHANOLAMINE)

Found in: in most personal care products that foam, including bubble baths, body washes, shampoos, soaps and facial cleansers. Also in hair dyes, mascara, foundation, fragrances, sunscreens, dry cleaning solvents, paint. Ingredients which are linked with kidney, liver, and other organ damage according to several government-funded research studies. They can cause hormone disruption, irritation of the eyes, skin, respiratory tract, sore throat, asthma and allergic contact dermatitis. surfactants and pH adjuster linked to allergies, skin toxicity, hormone disruption, and inhibited fetal brain development. DEA and its compounds cause mild to moderate skin and eye irritation i . In laboratory experiments, exposure to high doses of these chemicals has been shown to cause liver cancers and precancerous changes in skin and thyroid. (ii U.S. National Toxicological Program. “NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Lauric Acid Diethanolamine Condensate (CAS NO. 120-40-1) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Dermal Studies).” Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser. 480 (Jul 1999):1-200. iii S. National Toxicological Program. “Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of coconut oil acid diethanolamine condensate (CAS No. 68603-42-9) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (dermal studies).” Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser. 479 (Jan 2001):5-226.)

Butylene Glycol

Butylene Glycol: petro-chemical, potentially cause contact dermatitis. Animal studies: mild skin and eye irritation, endocrine system alterations. Reproductive, brain and nervous system effects. It has also been shown to increase skin penetration of other substances.

FORMALDEHYDE

Found in: nail polish, shampoo, body wash, eyelash glue, and hair products, the Brazilian Blowout and other straightening treatments You won’t find this listed as “formaldehyde” except perhaps in a few remaining brands of nail polish. It hides behind ingredient names such as: quaternium-15, DMDM hydantoin, imidazolidinyl urea, diazolidinyl urea, sodium hydroxymethylglycinate, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3 diol (Bronopol), glyoxal and oxaldehyde. Recognized by the EPA as a carcinogen, it’s linked to lung cancers, Hodgkin lymphoma and leukemia, and myeloid leukemia. It permeates through inhalation and can also cause eye, nose, and throat irritation; reproductive and developmental toxicity; asthma; neurologic and behavioral toxicity; and immunological toxicity. It’s banned for use in cosmetics in Sweden and Japan.

PROPYLENE GLYCOL

Found in: cosmetics, baby wipes, lotion, toothpaste, shampoo, and deodorant Propylene Glycol will cause serious health conditions, including liver and heart damage and damage to the central nervous system if sufficient is absorbed by the body. Used in anti-freeze solutions, in brake and hydraulic fluids, as a de-icer, and as a solvent. There is no difference between the propylene glycol used in industry and that used in personal care products. It has been known to cause allergic reactions, hives and eczema. Some foundations contain propylene glycol, a neurotoxin and skin sensitizer. Propylene glycol can cause nausea, vomiting, headaches and liver abnormalities. Foundations in stick contain isopropyl myristate, a fatty compound that can cause the appearance of comedones. It is not uncommon for foundations to contain preservatives called parabens. Parabens are allergens that accumulate in the body and which may be responsible for hormonal changes. The parabens promote breast cancer.

COAL TAR (AMINOPHENOL, DIAMINOBENZENE, PHENYLENEDIAMINE)

Found in: hair dye, shampoo, colorant in cosmetics. Coal tar tar ingredients are known carcinogens. It is used as a colorant and an anti-dandruff agent.

Chemicals from Conditioner

Fragrance

Fragrances (aka Parfum), including Geraniol, Citral and Limonene found in cosmetics are all synthetic. The synthetic fragrances used in cosmetics can have as many as 200 ingredients. There is no way to know what the chemicals are because formulas are protected under federal law’s classification of trade secrets. On the label it will simply read “fragrance.” The term alone can indicate the presence of up to one thousand substances, many are toxic or carcinogenic. Phthalates used to stabilize fragrances are hormone disruptors linked to allergies in children, and it may alter pre-natal genital development. According to the FDA, synthetic fragrances “may cause headaches, dizziness, allergic rashes, skin discoloration, violent coughing, vomiting and skin irritation. Clinical observation shows fragrances can affect the endocrine and central nervous system, causing depression, hyperactivity and irritability.” Don’t buy a cosmetic that has the word “fragrance” on the ingredients label. Look for labels that say, “phthalate–free”.

Sodium lauryl/laureth sulfate

Found in: just about anything that foams; shampoo, body wash, face wash, hand soap, toothpaste, bubble bath. A foaming agent used to break down water in grease. It’s so powerful that it’s also used in concrete floor cleaners, engine degreasers, and car wash detergents. A well-known skin irritant, it is rapidly absorbed and retained in the eyes, brain, heart and liver, which may result in harmful long-term effects. It can slow healing, cause cataracts in adults, and prevent children’s eyes from developing properly, corrode hair follicles and impair ability to grow hair. These surfactants that can cause skin irritation or trigger allergies. SLES is often contaminated with formaldehyde releasing 1,4-dioxane, a byproduct of a petrochemical process called ethoxylation. Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), a related detergent used in cosmetics, is a skin, eye and respiratory tract irritant and toxic to aquatic organisms. Other ethoxylates may be contaminated with ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane. These ingredients usually have chemical names including the letters “eth” (e.g., sodium laureth sulfate) (WHO. ILO. International Chemical Safety Card for Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (ICSC 0502). Aug 1997. http://www.ilo.org/legacy/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc05/icsc0502.htm).

Disodium EDTA

Disodium EDTA irritates skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Penetration enhancer (allows deeper penetration of other chemicals) Animal studies show: seizers, gastrointestinal problems, liver, kidney and endocrine system effects and reproduction abnormalities. A weak mutagen in microbial systems. In a number of studies on mammalian cells in vitro, inhibits DNA synthesis.

Petrolatum

Petrolatum is mineral oil jelly (i.e. petroleum jelly). It is used as a barrier to lock moisture in the skin in a variety of moisturizers and also in hair care products to make your hair shine. A petroleum product, petrolatum can be contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Studies suggest that exposure to PAHs — including skin contact over extended periods of time — is associated with cancer. i On this basis, the European Union classifies petrolatum a carcinogen ii and restricts its use in cosmetics. PAHs in petrolatum can also cause skin irritation and allergies. iii (i ATSDR. ToxFAQs for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). Sep 1996. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts69.html#bookmark06 ii European Commission. Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 , Annex VI, Table 3.2. Sep 2009. http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/classification-labelling/ iii Ulrich, G. et al. “Sensitaization to petrolatum: an unusual cause of false-positive drug patch-tests.” Allergy 59, 9 (2004): 1006-1009.)

Formaldehyde-Releasing Preservatives

When checking product ingredients, keep an eye out for these formaldehyde-releasing preservatives: sodium hydroxymethylglycinate, methenamine, Diazolidinyl Urea, DMDM hydantoin and quaternium-15. You should avoid all of these chemicals as they are known to release minimal amounts of formaldehyde in a slow and consistent manner. Formaldehyde is linked to cancer. Regarding how formaldehyde in makeup can hurt you, it may in inhaled when it is off-gassed from makeup products. It may also be absorbed via the epidermis (the uppermost layer of skin).

Parabens

These are very common in cosmetics, and more and more people are becoming aware of just how detrimental parabens actually are. You may also find them in perfumes and other scented products. The truth is that most manufacturers of cosmetics are well aware of the bad reputation of parabens, so they don’t list them on their product labels. The safest strategy is to choose products and scents which are marketed as being paraben-free. At present, it’s estimated that more than seventy-five percent of makeup products contain minimal levels of parabens. Unfortunately, these parabens may infiltrate our bodies via our largest organ – the skin. Parabens have been proven to disturb the function of our hormones. For example, they tend to act in the human body the way that estrogen does. As well, parabens are linked to the development of breast cancer. Also, they may negative impact male reproductive functions.

Parfum

Did you know that thousands of chemicals are utilized to make fragrances? The fragrance is found in so many cosmetics, skin care products and scented personal care items. The sad truth is that many products which are labeled as being free of fragrance (i.e. unscented) actually do contain fragrance chemicals, as well as masking agents who stop our brains from detecting their odors! Certain ingredients are even perfumes. Instead, they are chemicals that make perfuming chemicals more noticeable. One chemical of the parfum type which should be avoided is diethyl phthalate. It’s also known as DEP, and it’s found in many cosmetics. It’s a masking agent type of parfum chemical, and it’s believed to alter the function of hormones. For example, phthalates may bring on puberty earlier in females and may decrease sperm count in males. Even parfum ingredients which aren’t linked with altering hormone function may wreak havoc, by triggering allergic reactions, causing headaches and aggravating asthma.

Petrolatum

Petroleum jelly is a petrolatum. It’s a mineral oil jelly which is utilized as a barrier which seals in moisture. You’ll find it in cosmetics, and some women also apply it on top of cosmetics to access added shine. Cosmetics ingredients which contain petrolatum may also contain PAHs, and this stands for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Some people feel that PAH exposure contributes to the development of cancer. For example, the EU (European Union) considers this common cosmetic ingredient to be carcinogenic and has restrictions in place regarding how it may be utilized in the production of makeup. The skin may be irritated by this ingredient, and allergic reactions may also occur.

Chemicals from Moisturizers

phenolic acid (phenol)/a>

Some moisturizers cosmetics contain phenolic acid (phenol), which can cause fainting, paralysis, convulsions, coma and can cause death due to respiratory failure. Other moisturizers contain polyethylenglycols PEG-40. PEG-40 is in fact a surfactant and an emulsifier made from ethylene oxide, a hypertoxic gas ! PEG-40 is a suspected carcinogen.

Fragrance

This ingredient is found in a lot of cosmetics that have skin lightening properties. For example, women who use a foundation that includes skin-lightening ingredients may be exposed to this chemical. These days, foundations which offer skin care benefits, as well as coverage, are more popular than every before. Hydroquinone is quite toxic, and it’s not something that you should put onto your skin. It’s usually listed as Hydroquinone or tocopheryl acetate on product labels, so watch out for it. It’s banned in European Union countries because of its toxicity. It may trigger the development of cancer or irritation of the respiratory tract, as well as thetoxicity of organ systems.

Hydroquinone
Fragrance recipes are considered trade secrets, so manufacturers are not required to disclose fragrance chemicals in the list of ingredients

Fragrances (aka Parfum), including Geraniol, Citral and Limonene found in cosmetics are all synthetic. The term alone can indicate the presence of up to one thousand substances, many are toxic or carcinogenic. Phthalates used to stabilize fragrances are hormone disruptors linked to allergies in children, and it may alter pre-natal genital development. According to the FDA, synthetic fragrances “may cause headaches, dizziness, allergic rashes, skin discoloration, violent coughing, vomiting and skin irritation. Clinical observation shows fragrances can affect the endocrine and central nervous system, causing depression, hyperactivity and irritability.”

Alcohol

Alcohols are very drying and irritating solvents made from propylene, a petroleum derivative. They are very irritating and drying because they can strip the skin’s natural acid mantle which dehydrates the cells and makes the body more vulnerable to bacteria and viruses. A significant amount of research has shown that alcohol may cause free-radical damage to the skin including brown spots, hyperpigmentation and premature aging. We need to check product labels for isopropyl alcohol, SD alcohol 40 and ethyl alcohol, ethanol, denatured alcohol, methanol and benzyl alcohol.

Alpha hydroxy acid

AHAs …It has been suggested that AHAs may cause the skin to age more rapidly and elevate the risk of skin cancer, due to their ability to remove the outer layer of skin which can elevate sensitivity to sunlight, thereby increasing photo-ageing. In one study the AHA glycolic acid elevated the sensitivity of human skin to sunburn by as much as 50 per cent in some individuals

Research carried out on guinea pigs found that the AHA glycolic acid caused skin damage, with higher doses altering the structure of the skin and destroying some parts of the epidermal layer, as well as increasing UVB-induced skin damage, to a far greater degree than either glycolic acid or UVB in isolation.
Retinyl Palminate

Retinyl Palminate vitamin A derivative, shown to improve tiny wrinkles – it decomposes under UVA into chemicals shown to cause mutations in mouse lymphoma cells. Is photo toxic- will cause skin ageing, educed DNA damage. Restricted in Canada.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C topically applied Vit.C improves sun damage and enhances production of collagen and elastin – commercially available products contain low concentrations that are not easily absorbed into the skin and are unstable when exposed to oxygen – oxidization may actually promote production of free radicals

Glycerin

Glycerin, very cheap, but effective humectant in environments over 65% humidity where it draws moisture from the atmosphere to the skin. In dry conditions (air conditioning) actually draws moisture out and away from the skin layers, causing dehydration and aging the skin.

Oxybenzone

Oxybenzone – most common causes of photo contact allergy. Immediate and delayed hypersensitivity. Detected in human urine and milk. Potentially damage DNA under UV light. Skin sensitization. Penetration enhancer. Used in many sunscreens! Found in: sunscreen, moisturizers, foundation and lipsticks with SPF Sunscreen agent and ultraviolet light absorber linked to irritation, sensitization and allergies, and possible hormone disruption.

Disodium EDTA

Disodium EDTA irritates skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Penetration enhancer (allows deeper penetration of other chemicals) Animal studies show: seizers, gastrointestinal problems, liver, kidney and endocrine system effects and reproduction abnormalities. A weak mutagen in microbial systems. In a number of studies on mammalian cells in vitro, inhibits DNA synthesis.

Glycol Ethers

Glycol Ethers (general – there are several listed) absorb into the skin – dissolve the skin’s protective oils. Liver and kidney damage (short term exposure) May damage red blood cells in bone marrow.The general public may be exposed to the glycol ethers through the use of consumer products such as cleaning compounds, liquid soaps, and cosmetics. Acute Effects: Acute exposure to high levels of the glycol ethers in humans results in narcosis, pulmonary edema, and severe liver and kidney damage. Acute exposure to lower levels of the glycol ethers in humans causes conjunctivitis, upper respiratory tract irritation, headache, nausea, and temporary corneal clouding. irritation, headache, nausea, and temporary corneal clouding. Animal studies have reported adverse effects on weight gain, peripheral blood counts, bone marrow, and lymphoid tissues from acute, inhalation exposure to 2-methoxyethanol. Acute animal tests in rats have shown 2-methoxyethanol to have moderate acute toxicity from inhalation and oral exposures. Chronic Effects  (Noncancer): Chronic exposure to the glycol ethers in humans results in fatigue, lethargy, nausea, anorexia, tremor, and anemia. Animal studies have reported anemia, reduced body weight gain, and irritation of the eyes and nose from inhalation exposure. Anemia and effects to the thymus, spleen, bone marrow, liver, and kidneys were reported in animals following oral exposure to the glycol ethers.

Phenoxyethanol

Phenoxyehtonal – moderate health concern on EWG.org. Organ system toxicity, brain and nervous systems. Linked to cancer and central nervous system depression. Strong concern for irritant of skin, eyes and lungs. Can cause allergies. Phenoxyethanol, also known as Ethylene Glycol Monophenyl Ether, is a glycol ether and bactericide (that functions as a disinfectant, antiseptic or antibiotic) that is primarily used as a preservative in cosmetics and beauty products. It is also seen as a fragrance additive, a fixative for perfumes, an insect repellent ingredient in sunscreens, a topical antiseptic ingredient, and solvent (Wikipedia). Studies have shown that Phenoxyethanol can be an extreme irritant to the eyes and skin, and can even cause blistering; it is hazardous in the case of ingestion and inhalation as well. The Cosmetic Database rates it as a moderate hazard and notes cancer, allergic reactions, skin, eye and lung irritation, organ and neurotoxicity as possible effects of using products containing Phenoxyethanol. It has shown effects on sensory organs even at low doses, and brain and nervous systems at moderate doses in animals, and causes cell mutation. According to research, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) data sheets show “chromosomal changes and genetic mutation effects in testing as well as testicular atrophy and reproductive damage in mice.”

METHYL CELLOSOLVE (OR METHOXYETHANOL)

Found in: anti-aging creams. Fragrance ingredient and solvent that is an irritant and a possible neurotoxin, developmental toxin, and cause of DNA mutations that could lead to cancer.

Siloxanes

Found in cosmetics to soften, smooth, and moisten, in moisturizers and facial treatments. Siloxanes are commonly known as silicones. They belong to the organosilicon compounds and are exclusively obtained by synthesis. Environment Canada assessments concluded that cyclotetrasiloxane and cylcopentasiloxane — also known as D4 and D5 — are toxic, persistent, and have the potential to bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms i,ii . Also, the European Union classifies D4 as a endocrine disruptor, based on evidence that it interferes with human hormone function iii , and a possible reproductive toxicant that may impair human fertility iv . In laboratory experiments, exposure to high doses of D5 has been shown to cause uterine tumours and harm to the reproductive and immune systems. D5 can also influence neurotransmitters in the nervous system v . Suzuki Foundation: “Environment Canada assessments concluded that cyclotetrasiloxane and cylcopentasiloxane — also known as D4 and D5 — are toxic, persistent, and have the potential to bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms. Also, the European Union classifies D4 as a endocrine disruptor, based on evidence that it interferes with human hormone function, and a possible reproductive toxicant that may impair human fertility. In laboratory experiments, exposure to high doses of D5 has been shown to cause uterine tumours and harm to the reproductive and immune systems.” Structurally similar to D4 and D5, cyclohexasiloxane (or D6) is also persistent and has the potential to bioaccumulate. Environment Canada’s assessment of D6 concluded that this third siloxane is not entering the environment in a quantity or concentration that endangers human health or the environment, but noted significant data gaps concerning its toxicity vi. Cyclomethicone is a mixture of D4, D5, and D6 siloxanes. (i Environment Canada and Health Canada. _Screening Assessment for the Challenge Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4)_. November 2008. http://www.ec.gc.ca/substances/ese/eng/challenge/batch2/batch2_556-67-2.cfm ii Environment Canada and Health Canada. Screening Assessment for the Challenge: Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5). November 2008. http://www.ec.gc.ca/substances/ese/eng/challenge/batch2/batch2_541-02-6.cfm iii DHI Water and Environment. Study on Enhancing the Endocrine Disrupter Priority List with a Focus on Low Production Volume Chemicals. Revised Report to DG Environment. Hersholm, Denmark: DHI, 2007. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/endocrine/documents/final_report_2007.pdf iv European Commission. Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 , Annex VI, Table 3.2. Sep 2009. http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/classification-labelling/ v California. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Cyloxanes. Materials for the December 4-5, 2008, Meeting of the California Environmental Contaminant Biomonitoring Program Scientific Guidance Panel. http://oehha.ca.gov/multimedia/biomon/pdf/1208cyclosiloxanes.pdf vi Environment Canada and Health Canada. Screening Assessment for the Challenge: Dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6). November 2008. http://www.ec.gc.ca/substances/ese/eng/challenge/batch2/batch2_540-97-6.cfm vii Environment Canada and Health Canada. Proposed Risk Management Approach for Cyclotetrasiloxane, cotamethyl- (D4) and Cyclopentasiloxane, decamethyl- (D5). Jan 2009. http://www.ec.gc.ca/substances/ese/eng/challenge/batch2/batch2_541-02-6_rm.cfm)

Chemicals from Toothpaste

FD&C Blue

ome toothpastes contain FD&C Blue # 1 (azo dye allergen), saccharin and resorcinol, chemical components that can cause blood disorder (methemoglobinemia), convulsions and even death. Prolonged usage of toothpastes and mouthwashes containing parabens could lead to gum disease and stains on the teeth. Dioform is found some toothpastes used to whiten the teeth. Dioform has the disadvantage of damaging the protective tooth enamel.

Phenol

The ethanol in mouthwashes is suspected of causing cancer of the oesophagus, mouth and tongue. Phenol, meanwhile, is a highly toxic chemical agent. In some cases, this can cause cardiac depression and respiratory arrest. Phenol is also suspected of causing cancer in humans.

PARABENS

Found in: almost every type of personal care product Parabens preservatives commonly used to prevent the growth of bacteria and mold. They can mimic the hormone estrogen disrupting the endocrine system, which is known to play a role in the development of breast cancers. Parabens can cause skin irritation and contact dermatitis and Rosacea in individuals with paraben allergies. Studies indicate that methylparaben applied on the skin reacts with UVB leading to increased skin aging and DNA damage. These chemicals are also endocrine disruptors and have been linked to fertility problems.

TRICLOSAN

Found in: antibacterial products such as soap, hand sanitizer, deodorants, toothpaste, and cosmetics Studies have shown that triclosan is an endocrine disruptor and enables bacteria to become antibiotic-resistant. The CDC states that it is found in 75% of the population’s urine. The American Medical Association advises against the use of antibacterial soap at home to prevent the creation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibacterial soap has been found no more effective than regular soap. Antimicrobial pesticides toxic to the aquatic environment; may also impact human reproductive systems. The extensive use of triclosan in consumer products may contribute to antibiotic-resistant bacteria. vi The Canadian Medical Association has called for a ban on antibacterial consumer products, such as those containing triclosan. (vi Canosa, P. et al. “Aquatic degradation of triclosan and formation of toxic chlorophenols in presence of low concentrations of free chlorine.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 383, 7-8 (Dec 2005): 119-1126. vii Yang, J. “Experts concerned about dangers of antibacterial products.” The Globe and Mail. Aug 21, 2009. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health/experts-concerned-about-dangers-of-antibacterial-products/article1259471/)

METHYL CELLOSOLVE (OR METHOXYETHANOL)

Found in: almost every type of personal care product Parabens preservatives commonly used to prevent the growth of bacteria and mold. They can mimic the hormone estrogen disrupting the endocrine system, which is known to play a role in the development of breast cancers. Parabens can cause skin irritation and contact dermatitis and Rosacea in individuals with paraben allergies. Studies indicate that methylparaben applied on the skin reacts with UVB leading to increased skin aging and DNA damage. These chemicals are also endocrine disruptors and have been linked to fertility problems.

Chemicals from Cosmetic Powders, Eyeshadow, Blush, Baby Powder

TALC

Found in: cosmetic powders, eyeshadow, blush, baby powder. Its particles are similar to asbestos and data suggests that it can cause tumors in the lungs as probable respiratory toxin in large amounts. Magnesium silicate is toxic by inhalation. In laboratory animals, it causes tumors. Talc is used in powders, deodorants and cosmetics. It is recognized as potentially carcinogenic and is strongly linked to cancer of the uterus and ovaries.

TALC

Found in: cosmetic powders, eyeshadow, blush, baby powder Its particles are similar to asbestos and data suggests that it can cause tumors in the lungs as probable respiratory toxin in large amounts.

Siloxanes

Siloxanes are compounds which have a silicone base, and they are common ingredients in makeup products. In general, they are utilized to make the skin softer and/or smoother. They are also known to add moisture. Regarding potential harm, two chemicals which are classified as Siloxanes (Cyclopentasiloxane and cyclotetrasiloxane) are considered to be toxins. They may be referred to as D4 and D5, respectively, and they are believed to disrupt the function of the endocrine system, via interference in hormone activity. As well, they may negatively impact fertility.

Triclosan/a>

Triclosan is a common cosmetic ingredient which isn’t good for our planet. It’s found in some makeup products and, when makeup is taken off and rinsed down drains, Triclosan goes into waterways, where it may harm marine life, including fish and plants. Also, it may not be too good for human beings. It’s considered to be potentially irritating to the lungs, eyes, and skin and it may disrupt endocrine function. As well, it may contribute to thetoxicity of organ systems which aren’t reproductive. Usually, this ingredient is added to cosmetics and other personal care items due to its germ-resisting properties.

Chemicals from ANTIPERSPIRANTS

ALUMINIUM

Found in: cosmetic powders, eyeshadow, blush, baby powder. Its particles are similar to asbestos and data suggests that it can cause tumors in the lungs as probable respiratory toxin in large amounts. Some antiperspirants or deodorants contain aluminium (eg aluminium chlorohydrate ) sometimes an ingredient responsible for damage to nerves and terrible autoimmune diseases (including multiple sclerosis). The aluminium could be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (Of course, additional research is needed to settle the controversy over the link between aluminium and Alzheimer's disease). Aluminium chlorohydrate, which is easily stored in the lymph glands that lie beneath the arms, may also increase the risk of developing breast cancer in women. Some antiperspirants and deodorants contain parabens which can cause breast cancer.

TALC

Found in: cosmetic powders, eyeshadow, blush, baby powder Its particles are similar to asbestos and data suggests that it can cause tumors in the lungs as probable respiratory toxin in large amounts.

Chemicals from NAIL POLISHES

Dibutyl phthalate

Dibutyl phthalate (pronounced thal-ate), or DBP, is used mainly in nail products as a solvent for dyes and as a plasticizer that prevents nail polishes from becoming brittle. Phthalates are also used as fragrance ingredients in many other cosmetics, but consumers won’t find these listed on the label. DBP is absorbed through the skin. [i] It can enhance the capacity of other chemicals to cause genetic mutations, although it has not been shown to be a mutagen itself. [ii] In laboratory experiments, it has been shown to cause developmental defects, changes in the testes and prostate, and reduced sperm counts. [iii,iv] The European Union classifies DBP as a suspected endocrine disruptor on the basis of evidence that it interferes with hormone function, [v] and as toxic to reproduction on the basis that it may cause harm to the unborn child and impair fertility. [vi] As well, Health Canada notes evidence suggesting that exposure to phthalates may cause health effects such as liver and kidney failure in young children when products containing phthalates are sucked or chewed for extended periods. [vii] The European Union classifies DBP as very toxic to aquatic organisms. viii Under the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, DBP is listed as a Chemical for Priority Action. [ix] (i Janjua NR. “Systemic uptake of diethyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate, and butyl paraben following whole-body topical application and reproductive and thyroid hormone levels in humans.” Environ. Sci. Technol. 41, 15 (2007): 5564-5570. ii Kim MY, Kim YC, Cho MH. “Combined treatment with 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1- (3-pyridyl)-1-butanone and dibutyl phthalate enhances ozone-induced genotoxicity in B6C3F1 mice.” Mutagenesis 17, 4 (Jul 2002):331-6. iii Henley DV, Korach KS. “Endocrine-disrupting chemicals use distinct mechanisms of action to modulate endocrine system function.” Endocrinology 147, 6 Suppl (Jun 2006):S25-32. iv Barlow NJ, McIntyre BS, Foster PM. “Male reproductive tract lesions at 6, 12, and 18 months of age following in utero exposure to di(n-butyl) phthalate.” Toxicol Pathol.32, 1 (Jan-Feb 2004):79-90. v BKH. Towards the establishment of a priority list of substances for further evaluation of their role in endocrine disruption. Final Report to the European Commission DG ENV. Delft, Netherlands: BKH, 2000. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/docum/pdf/bkh_annex_13.pdf vi European Commission. Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 , Annex VI, Table 3.2. Sep 2009. http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/classification-labelling/ vii Health Canada. Government of Canada Acts to Help Ensure Soft Vinyl Toys, Child-Care Articles and Other Consumer Products Are Safer. News Release. June 2009. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ahc-asc/media/nr-cp/_2009/2009_96bk1-eng.php viii European Commission. Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 , Annex VI, Table 3.2. Sep 2009. http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/classification-labelling/ ix OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic. OSPAR List of Chemicals for Priority Action (Update 2007). London: OSPAR Commission, 2007. www.ospar.org)

Formaldehyde

Found in: cosmetibestos and data suggests that it can cause tumors in the lungs as probable respiratory toxin in large amounts.

Benzophenone

This chemical may contribute to cancer development, and it’s found in a lot of makeup products, including lip balms and nail enamels. It’s used to keep cosmetics and nail polishes from breaking down when they are exposed to ultraviolet light. This type of preservative is best avoided. It’s better to find natural cosmetics which contain only organic and pure ingredients. While some organic makeup may cost a bit more, it’s worth it, because you’ll be able to use it without the risk that putting carcinogens onto your skin brings. It’s important to understand that cancer-causing chemicals are quite prevalent in a host of cosmetics. Benzophenone is one of them. If you apply a lip balm with this chemical in it many times per day, it may be time to find a healthier substitute. They are safer ways to keep your lips soft and cared-for.

Chemicals from LIPSTICK

Formaldehyde

Various dyes and additives in most lipsticks contain toxic heavy metals. Lead in particular is harmful and carcinogenic metal that acts on the nervous system, kidneys, bones, heart and blood. Pregnant women are at greater risk. *** To find out if your lipstick contains lead, put a little lipstick on toilet paper and rub the stain with a gold ring. If the red becomes black, you will know that your beauty product contains lead! The lipstick also contains petroleum (benzopyrene , benzofluroanthene ) carcinogens.

Chemicals from PERFUME

Toluene

Out of over 3000 chemicals used by the fragrance industry, 884 can cause cancer, birth defects, disorders of the central nervous system, skin irritation, eye irritation and allergic reactions. (SOURCE : National Institute of Health and Safety of the United States, NIOSH, 1989). Many perfumes contain a solvent called toluene, which is a toxic derivative of benzene. Toluene can cause headaches, nausea, and narcosis (pathological sleepiness). Some perfumes contain benzaldehyde, a depressant of the central nervous system which can cause kidney damage, and musk compounds which are carcinogenic artificial odorants.

Chemicals from SOAP

Ammonia

Conventional soaps have excellent cleaning power but have the drawback of having a pH of 9. They alter the hydrolipidic (fat) layer and dry out the skin. They may contain ammonia, formaldehyde, phenol, which are known to be carcinogenic, and triclocarban which is suspected to be carcinogenic when used daily. Triclosan is a highly reactive bactericide. In combination with water, triclosan can produce chloroform gas, which when inhaled, can cause liver problems, depression and cancer.

Chemicals from SUNSCREEN

Oxybenzone

Some creams, gels, lotions, sprays and sun fluids contain an allergen called oxybenzone (BP-3 or BZ-3) which cross the skin barrier and transform the solar energy absorbed into free radicals, causes of premature aging of the skin ! Chemicals to absolutely avoid when choosing sunscreens are padimate O, associated with the preservative BNPD. The combination of these two chemicals produces nitrosamine (NMPABAO), a carcinogen. The para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) is a sunscreen known for its allergenicity. On the other hand, an excessive concentration of PABA stored in the body can damage the liver. A number of sunscreens contain preservatives such as butylparaben, which have an estrogenic effect. Frequent use of these synthetic sunscreens may promote the development of breast cancer in women and reduce sperm production in men.

Chemicals from SHAVING CREAM

Pinene

Some shaving creams contain pinene, a chemical that damages the immune system.